Elam, Eshnunna and the kingdom of Shamshi-Addu of Assyria were the most powerful kingdoms in the ancient Near East during the first two centuries of the II Mill. BC, until the rise of Hammurabi of Babylon. The epigraphic and archaeological evidence coming from the main settlements of the Diyala valley show strong political and cultural interactions with Assyria to the North and Elam to the South-East. A strategic location of the region stretching from the Zagros chains to the Tigris plain allows Eshnunna to control important trade routes linking the alluvium to the Iranian Plateau. The duality of peaceful or bad relations between Eshnunna and the Elam confederation can be partially reconstructed through dating formulae, bricks and seals inscriptions and the indirect data from the Mari archives. Some interesting pieces of evidence can be also found taking into account items imported from Iran or clearly influenced by the Elamite culture, discovered in the Diyala and Hamrin sites. On the other hand, the Dadusha victory stele give us a fresh picture of military events at the border between Assyria and Eshnunna, whereas Old Assyrian cultural influence in the Diyala is difficult to recognize, attested only by few cylinder seals. The analysis of the Eshnunna-Elam and Eshnunna-Assyria archaeological links allows us to underline the complex pattern of interaction models in this crucial region during the Middle Bronze Age. Between policy and exchange, between war and peace.

Elam and Eshnunna: Historical and Archaeological Interrelations during the Old Babylonian Period, 2013.

Elam and Eshnunna: Historical and Archaeological Interrelations during the Old Babylonian Period

Peyronel, Luca
2013

Abstract

Elam, Eshnunna and the kingdom of Shamshi-Addu of Assyria were the most powerful kingdoms in the ancient Near East during the first two centuries of the II Mill. BC, until the rise of Hammurabi of Babylon. The epigraphic and archaeological evidence coming from the main settlements of the Diyala valley show strong political and cultural interactions with Assyria to the North and Elam to the South-East. A strategic location of the region stretching from the Zagros chains to the Tigris plain allows Eshnunna to control important trade routes linking the alluvium to the Iranian Plateau. The duality of peaceful or bad relations between Eshnunna and the Elam confederation can be partially reconstructed through dating formulae, bricks and seals inscriptions and the indirect data from the Mari archives. Some interesting pieces of evidence can be also found taking into account items imported from Iran or clearly influenced by the Elamite culture, discovered in the Diyala and Hamrin sites. On the other hand, the Dadusha victory stele give us a fresh picture of military events at the border between Assyria and Eshnunna, whereas Old Assyrian cultural influence in the Diyala is difficult to recognize, attested only by few cylinder seals. The analysis of the Eshnunna-Elam and Eshnunna-Assyria archaeological links allows us to underline the complex pattern of interaction models in this crucial region during the Middle Bronze Age. Between policy and exchange, between war and peace.
Inglese
De Graef, Katrien; Tavernier, Jan
Susa and Elam. Archaeological, Philological, Historical and Geographical Perspectives. Proceedings of the International Congress Held at Ghent University, December 14-17, 2009
58
51
70
20
9789004207400
Leiden and Boston
Brill
sì, ma tipo non specificato
internazionale
A stampa
Settore L-OR/05 - Archeologia e Storia Dell'Arte Del Vicino Oriente Antico
1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10808/9451
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